Environmental Profile of Spain 2010. Indicator-based Report

Environmental Profile of Spain 2010 [Nipo 770-11-153-5 Edición en Ingles]

Portada Perfil Ambiental 2010

The Environmental Profile of Spain 2010 is the 7th edition of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment‘s report on the state of the environment in Spain. This publication provides an overview of the situation, increases our knowledge about the environment, provides specific data, monitors policies intended to mainstream environmental criteria into the country’s production sectors, and serves as an important tool in the ongoing dissemination and awareness-raising campaigns run by the Ministry of of Agriculture, Food and Environment.

0. Introduction, Foreword and Summary

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    • Introduction 
    • Foreword
    • Summary


1. Background

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  • Territory and climate
  • Administrative structure
  • Current population
  • Economic and industrial development
  • Advances in adoption and implementation of environmental protection legislation
  • Plans and programmes: sustainable rural development and biodiversity protection

2. Indicators: themes and sectors

- 2.1 Air

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  • Emissions of greenhouse gases
  • Emissions of acidifying and eutrophying gases and tropospheric ozone precursors
  • Emissions of particulate matter
  • Regional background air quality for the protection of health and vegetation.

- 2.2 Water

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  • Water consumption
  • Reservoir water levels
  • Natural water resources
  • Brackish and sea water desalination
  • Nitrate pollution of groundwater
  • Salinisation of groundwater bodies
  • Organic pollution of rivers
  • Treatment of urban wastewater
  • Quality of inland bathing waters 

- 2.3 Land

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  • Changes in land cover: artificial surfaces
  • Artificial surfaces along the coast
  • Contaminated land
  • Area affected by erosion

- 2.4 Nature and biodiversity

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  • Protected areas
  • Forest defoliation
  • Forest area and other forest formations
  • Trends in common bird populations
  • Forest reproductive material
  • Environmental monitoring

- 2.5 Coast and marine environment

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  • Marine areas protected by the Natura 2000 network
  • Demarcated coastline
  • Jellyfish swarms
  • Quality of coastal bathing waters

- 2.6 Green economy

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  • Energy intensity of the economy
  • Total material requirement
  • Green jobs
  • Environmental taxes.

- 2.7 Waste

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  • Urban waste generation
  • Urban waste management: landfill and incineration
  • Paper and cardboard recycling
  • Glass recycling
  • Packaging waste recycling and recovery
  • Sewage sludge production and use

- 2.8 Agriculture

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  • Fertiliser consumption
  • Phytosanitary product consumption
  • Organic farming
  • Organic livestock farming
  • Irrigated area
  • Eco-efficiency in agriculture

- 2.9 Energy

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  • Primary energy intensity
  • Energy-related GHG emissions intensity
  • Renewable energy
  • Eco-efficiency in energy


- 2.10 Industry

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  • Emissions of air pollutants by industry
  • Energy consumption by industry
  • Waste generation  by industry
  • Number of industrial enterprises with Environmental Management Systems
  • Eco-efficiency in industry .

- 2.11 Fishing

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  • Number of vessels and fishing fleet capacity
  • Fishing fleet catches
  • Aquaculture production
  • Eco-efficiency in fishing and aquaculture.

- 2.12 Tourism

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  • Number of foreign tourists per inhabitant
  • Number of foreign tourists per kilometre of coast
  • Tourist Population Equivalent (TPE) in the areas with the highest number of overnight stays
  • Number of visitors to National Parks
  • Rural tourism: accommodation, capacity, tourists and overnight stays
  • Trends in the main variables affecting tourism in Spain.

- 2.13 Transport

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  • Total inter-city transport volume: modal split
  • Emissions of air pollutants by transport
  • Air transport
  • Waste generated by transport: end-of-life tyres
  • Eco-efficiency in transport 

- 2.14 Households

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  • Number of passenger cars per household
  • Urban waste production per household
  • Energy consumption per households
  • Emissions of CO2 by households
  • Water consumption per household
  • Gross disposable household income
  • Eco-efficiency in households 

- 2.15 Urban environment

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  • Urban pressure on land
  • Air quality in the urban environment
  • Environmental noise
  • Architectural heritage of Spain’s cities
  • Metropolitan areas: modes of public transport
  • Public participation in environmental policy.

- 2.16 Natural and technological disasters

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  • Fatalities due to natural disasters
  • Drought
  • Forest fires
  • Road and rail accidents causing possible environmental damage
  • Industrial accidents involving hazardous substances 

3. Information by Autonomous community: basic data

4. Appendices

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  1. Index of acronyms and abbreviations
  2. Thematic index of indicators
  3. Alphabetical index of indicators
  4. Contributors to production and review of this report.