Environmental Profile of Spain 2012. Indicator-based Report [NIPO: 280-14-066-2]

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    The Environmental Profile of Spain 2012 is the 9th edition of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment‘ report on the state of the environment in Spain.

    As in years past, this publication provides an overview of the situation, increases our knowledge about the environment, provides specific data, monitors policies intended to mainstream environmental criteria into the country’s production sectors, and serves as an important tool in the ongoing dissemination and awareness-raising campaigns run by the Ministry of of Agriculture, Food and Environment.

    0. Introduction, Foreword and Summary

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    • Contents
    • Introduction
    • Foreword
    • Summary of Key messagges 

    1. Background

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    • Social and economic framework: Populations and economic development and productive sectors.
    • Transparency and access to environmental information.
    • Towards the establishment of a European Earth Observation Programme: Copernicus Programm.

    2. Indicators: themes and sectors

     

    - 2.1 Air

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    • Emissions of greenhouse gases.
    • Emissions of acidifying and eutrophying gases and tropospheric ozone precursors.
    • Emissions of particulate matter.
    • Air quality in urban environments
    • Regional background air quality for the protection of health and vegetation.

    - 2.2 Water

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    • Water consumption
    • Reservoir water levels.
    • Water reserves in snow cover.  
    • Hydrological drought.
    • Groundwater nitrate pollution. 
    • Salinisation of groundwater bodies.
    • Organic pollution of rivers.
    • Quality of inland bathing waters. 

    - 2.3 Land

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    • Changes in land cover: urban surfaces.
    • Increase of artificial surfaces converted from agricultural areas
    • Contaminated soils .
    • Area affected by erosion.

    - 2.4 Nature

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    • Protected areas.
    • Forest defoliation.
    • Wooded areas and other forest formations. 
    • Trends in common bird populations.
    • Forest reproductive material.
    • Environmental monitoring. 
    • Landscape fragmentation

    - 2.5 Coast and marine environment

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    • Marine strategies
    • Spanish Inventory of Marine Habitats and Species (IEHEM).
    • Spanish Network of Marine Protected Areas
    • Demarcated coastline.
    • Quality of coastal bathing waters.

    - 2.6 Green economy

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    • Energy intensity of the economy.
    • Total material requirement
    • Organisations with Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS)
    • Spanish Carbon Fund "Clima Proyects"
    • Environmental taxes.  

    - 2.7 Environmental Research, developement and innovation

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    • Main bibliometric indicators in the field of environmental sciencies
    • Public subsidies for R+D+I
    • Public financing for R+D+I

    - 2.8 Waste

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    • Urban waste generation.
    • Urban waste treatment .
    • Packaging waste recycling and recovery.
    • Paper and cardboard recycling.

     

    - 2.9 Agriculture

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    • Fertiliser consumption.
    • Phytosanitary product consumption.
    • Organic farming.
    • Organic livestock farming.
    • Irrigated area.
    • Environmental efficiency in the agriculture.

    - 2.10 Energy

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    • Primary energy intensity.
    • Energy-related GHG emissions intensity.
    • Renewable energy.
    • Environmental efficiency in energy.

    - 2.11 Industry

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    • Energy consumption by industry.
    • Emissions of air pollutants by industry.
    • Waste generation by industry .
    • Environmental efficiency inf industry. 

    - 2.12 Fishing

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    • Number of vessels and fishing fleet capacity.
    • Fishing fleet catches.
    • Aquaculture production.
    • Environmental efficiency in fishing and aquaculture.

    - 2.13 Tourism

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    • Number of foreign tourists per inhabitant.
    • Number of foreign tourists per kilometre of coast.
    • Tourist Population Equivalent (TPE) in the areas with the highest number of overnight stays in hotels.
    • Number of visitors to National Parks.
    • Rural tourism: accommodation, capacity, tourists and overnight stays.
    • Trends in the main variables affecting tourism in Spain. 

    - 2.14 Transport

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    • Main transport variables.
    • Passenger vehicle fleet by fluel type.
    • Specific emissions of new passenger vehicles.
    • Energy consumption of transport.
    • Intensity of air pollutant emissiones from transport.

     

    - 2.15 Households

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    • Gross disposable household income.
    • Energy consumption per household.
    • Water consumption per household.
    • Number of passenger cars per household.
    • Urban waste production per household.
    • Household Eco-Efficiency.

    - 2.16 Urban environment

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    • Urban pressure on land.
    • Architectural heritage of Spain's cities.
    • Urban Transport.
    • Public participation in urban sustainability.

    - 2.17 Natural and technological disasters

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    • Fatalities due to natural disasters
    • Drought.
    • Forest fires.
    • Road and rail accidents causing possible environmental damage.
    • Industrial accident involving hazardous substances

    3. Information by Autonomous communities: basic data

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    Introduction and data sheets in alphabetical order.

    4. Appendices

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    I Index of acronyms, abbreviations an  units.

    II Thematic index of indicators.

    III Contributors to report production and review.

Semana Europea de la Movilidad 2017

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Inventario Nacional de Emisiones -Volumen 2 (1990-2010)
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